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Afghanistan
 
Afghanistan is an Asian country that hosts the Silk Road and connects central Asian countries - a land of rich cultural heritage and centuries' old folk songs and legends, never lacking in soul-inspiring festivals of pure entertainment.
'Sakhi Saib Mela', (Sakhi Sahib's festival) and 'Mela Gul-e-Surkh', (Red rose festival) in Mazar-e-Sharif, and ‘Naranj Gul Mela', (Orange Blossom festival) in Ningarhar are some of the local festivals in which people from all parts of Afghanistan celebrate and participate as a tradition. These festivals reflect the geographical and cultural values this nation has.
In the third week of March, people across the country celebrate ‘Mela Gul-e-Surkh’ followed by ‘Naranj Gul Mela’ which occurs in the first week of April, through which Afghans welcome the spring.
Gandhara Art, a Buddhist visual art partly developed in what is now eastern Afghanistan between the 1st century BCE and the 7th century CE, has Greco-Roman origin and reflects another dimension of the rich culture Afghanistan hosts.
To the adventurous traveler, Afghanistan, the land locked country, contains plenty of mountains and lakes to be explored. Band-e Amir is a group of five turquoise lakes, also known as the lake of jewels, which are formed naturally by limestone deposits and are given their deep blue color from the high mineral content. Located conveniently close to Band-e Amir is the city of Bamiyan, one of the main tourist attractions in Afghanistan, which hosts the famous Buddhist sculptures.
The city of Kabul, which is believed to have grown around a small Buddhist town first mentioned by Ptolemy in AD 150, is the capital of the country. Afghanistan is very famous for its exquisite handmade carpets and other traditional handicrafts. The official languages of Afghanistan are Dari and Pashtu.
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