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OMC Policy Handbook on Artists' Residencies
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Annex 2: Overviews per country
Austria has a long tradition of outgoing residence programmes for Austrian artists. These programmes were initiated and covered by official institutions and public funds. For the last 20 years all over Austria many new artists' residencies programmes for foreign artists have been started and this process is still going on. New programmes are not only based on public funds, but there are now many initiatives by the private business sector.
Information about entries, visa issues and residence of foreign artists in Austria can be found at the very detailed website on Artist Mobility: http://www.bka.gv.at
Outgoing residency programmes (selection)
Austrian Federal Chancellery:
Art studios in the field of Fine Arts: Rome, Paris, Cesky Krumlov, Chicago, New York, Mexico City, Japan - Tokyo, Fujino, China - Beijing, Chengdu and Nanjing;
Art studios in the field of artistic photography: Paris, New York, Rome, London.
For writers: Rome
For Cultural managers worldwide, proposed by the scholarship holder www.bka.gv.at
MAK Schindler-Scholarship: Los Angeles, www.mak.at
Domus Artium in Paliano, Italy, in Malo, Italy and in Chesky Krumlov, CZ: www.Auslandskultur.eu/buero 
Incoming residency programmes (selection)
Austrian Federal Chancellery in cooperation with KulturKontakt Austria:
Visual artists, writers and literary translators, dancers and choreographers, curators and art educators: www.bka.gv.at, www.kulturkontakt.or.at
Artists-in-residence, Krems - visual art, literature, architecture and music:  www.air-krems.at
Neue Galerie, Graz – www.neuegalerie.at/air International
Writers' House, Graz - www.ihag.org (writer of the City, Writer in Exile)
>rotor< association for contemporary art, Graz - http://rotor.mur.at
Büchsenhausen – International Fellowship Programme for Art and Theory: http://buchsenhausen.at
Stadt Salzburg Artists Exchange Programme – www.stadt-salzburg.at
Salzamt Linz, Atelierhaus – www.linz.at/kultur/salzamt
Private initiatives:
SoARTMillstättersee –  www.soart.at
STRABAG Kunstforum – Artstudio – www.strabag-kunstforum.at
Vorarlberger Illwerke AG – SilvrettAtelier – www.illwerke.at
Sepp Schellfhorn Stipendium Goldegg/Salzburg - www.derseehof.at
Organisations focusing on the development of artists either as a part of their broader profile or as their main activity can be supported within the Arts Flemish Parliament Act. Artists' residencies are covered by this scheme.
Artists based in Flanders can apply for an international work visit, which is defined as an opportunity to develop their artistic activity for a shorter or longer period in foreign arts institutions or to work under the guidance of prominent artists.
In addition to work visits, Arts and Heritage has an international residency programme. Artists can apply for a residency in (currently) eight residency organisations.
Promotion of artist’s mobility and residencies for artists is among the priorities of the National Strategy of Culture project in Bulgaria. Current financing of the mobility of artists and artists’ residencies in Bulgaria is sporadic and is provided by the state budget, cultural institutions, municipalities and NGOs.
There are a few Artists’ Residencies in Bulgaria. However, many Bulgarian artists travel abroad to participate in a residency programme.
1. Art Today Association, Plovdiv; visual arts
2. Derida Dance Centre, Sofia; artists/dancers in residency – performing arts
3. International Elias Canetti Society, Ruse; interdisciplinary - writers /visual arts /audio-visual and media – new media
4. Pro Rodopi Art Centre, Bostina; performing arts (theatre and dance)
5. Foundation for creating writing – “Elizabeth Kostova
6. Art residence "The old school", Gorna Lipnitza Village – visual arts
7. Cultural Centre– museum Trakart - Art Centre Residence - Plovdiv / visual arts
8. LESSEDRA Gallery & Contemporary Art Projects - The Art Village, Lisedren, visual arts
The following link on the Culture Ministry's website provides links to residency centres in Croatia:
General information about residencies in the Czech Republic and abroad:
Funding sources for residencies:
Ministry of Culture
Arts and Theatre Institute – Exchange residency programme:
International Visegrad Fund – Program VARP:
The main possibilities for residencies in the Czech Republic are:
  Agosto Foundation
http://agosto-foundation.org/ Centrum pro současné umění Praha/ Centre and Foundation for Contemporary Arts Prague
http://cca.fcca.cz/en/ CESTA - Cultural Exchange Station in Tábor
http://www.cesta.cz/ Egon Schiele Art Centre Český Krumlov
http://www.schieleartcentrum.cz/en/exhibitions/1/ FUTURA – AIR Třebešice Castle, Karlín Studios Prague and Residencies in New York
http://www.futuraproject.cz/en/ Galerie Školská 28 – Open studios - Prague
http://skolska28.cz/node/2901 Kredance – Cultural Centre České Budějovice
https://www.facebook.com/openairplzen Pražský literární dům autorů německého jazyka/ Pragur Literatur Haus
http://www.prager-literaturhaus.com/ Sculpture Studio Bubec - Prague
http://divadlohome.net/kokovice.html TRANZIT Artist in Residence
In Estonia there are not yet any specific policies on artists' mobility. The state funding for artists' residencies is limited, but there are some grants for outgoing artists, as well as significant funding through international programmes, for example KulturKontakt Nord.
The trend of artist-run “nano-residencies” is growing fast. Several artists have established programmes and opportunities for fellow artists either as co-working spaces or as separate programess. Another more common format is the cross-disciplinary residency hosted by a city/community. Due to the lack of funding, there are no large-scale productions or research-oriented residency opportunities in Estonia at the moment. The Ministry of Culture will establish a funding programme for the residencies that will probably start in 2016.
Funding bodies:
Estonian Cultural Endowment - http://www.kulka.ee/ - grants to outgoing artists for 1-2 months.
Estonian Ministry of Culture - http://www.kul.ee/en - project based support to residencies in Estonia, occasional project based support to outgoing artists (in case of larger productions mostly).
The Council of Gambling Tax - http://www.hmn.ee/ - project based support to residencies, mostly funding activities that target local communities.
Studio residency for research, collaboration or smaller productions. Cross-disciplinary with emphasis on community projects and sound art. Located in the rural village of Mooste, South Estonia, MoKS has hosted all together 166 artists since its opening in 2002. Artists are selected through open calls, the main criteria being the artist’s motivation for working in the specific local context. The residency is free of charge for the artists. Grants are available and travel costs covered. MoKS also offers studios for rent occasionally.
2. Kanunti Gildi SAAL - http://www.saal.ee/residency/
Performing art residency for experimentations and production since 2009; invitation based.
3. Tartu Artists in Residence - http://residency.tartuensis.com/
A cross-disciplinary initiative by the city of Tartu (second largest in Estonia) that hosts artists in collaboration with several cultural institutions in the city. Not all the costs are covered for the artists.
A trans-disciplinary programme for the arts, social movements, political theory, and social entrepreneurship. The residency is in the phase of development. The workspaces and accommodation will be ready by early 2016. There has been one foreign resident so far.
5. Guest Studio of Estonian Artists’ Association - http://www.eaa.ee/710
Studio space for rent in central Tallinn; application based.
The Departments of Installation and Sculpture and of Jewelry and Blacksmithing both host a semi-academic residency program for guest artists with possibility to use the workshops and tp share knowledge.
Residency in rural Kõue Manor near Tallinn. Studio/accommodation fee is applied.
8. Mardu Studio - http://www.mardu.ee/en
A farm in the middle of wild Estonian nature is on its way to developing an artists' residency programme oriented on socially responsible design and crafts.
Three studio residencies in a farmhouse, founded by performer Marika Blossfeld. Open to artists from different fields; costs partly paid by guests.
Artist-run project space in a rural farm in South Estonia founded by media artist Timo Toots. It is an open call residency programme based on artistic collaboration for technology based artists. No fees apply for the artists.
Artist-run residency and project space / studio-surf opportunity in North-East Estonia founded by performing artist Kaja Kann.
An artists’ run creative space for (mainly) photo artists in Eastern Estonia.
In the last couple of decades, the artist residency activity in Finland has expanded and professionalised substantially into an important publicly supported practice. Until the mid-nineties, artists' residencies were fairly unknown in Finland. The "Artist in Residence" concept started to spread in Finland from that time. The Arts Council of Finland established a residency section in 1996 to develop international artist exchange. The section put together an "Artist in Residence – international development programme" in 1997. The Arts Promotion Centre Finland1former Arts Council of Finland. has ever since distributed grants to associations maintaining residencies as well as grants for artists travelling to residencies.
The residency activity is widely spread across Finland's regions, from Åland to Kilpisjärvi. Partially the reason for that is that the residence action has also been viewed from the point of view of regional development.2Karttunen, Sari (2005). Taidetoimikuntalaitoksen kansainväliset avustukset ” taiteilijoiden liikkuvuuden ja vierastalojen tuki 2000–2004. Työpapereita 43. Taiteen keskustoimikunta. The idea is that the residency activity will have a positive impact on the image of the city/region and/or will create awareness of the specific locality.3Suomi, Riikka (2005). Kansainvälinen residenssitoiminta Suomessa 1995–2005. Työpapereita 44. Taiteen keskustoimikunta. Suomen Taiteilijaseuran Ateljeesäätiö.
The limited art markets in Finland create pressure for the artists to expand their networks into international venues. The art residencies promote the international mobility of the artists, bring different views to art and help to create international relations. International residencies provide the artists with opportunities for presentation of their art, international networking, reaching new audiences, and familiarize oneself to the art scene of a foreign country.
Finnish Artists' Studio Foundation - extensive listing of residencies
Residential studios
Working spaces
Helsinki international Artist Programme - residency exchange programmes
Arts Promotion Centre Finland - Residencies
Arteles Creative Centre
Residenssi - best practices handbook
The French Ministry of Culture and Communication leads programmes dedicated to financing and receiving foreign artists in residency. This contributes to the attractiveness of France and its cooperation with other countries. The aim is to create long-term partnerships and collaborations. Artists should use their time as residents in relation with French structures.
Artist-in-Residency programmes for foreign artists are supported by the "Association des centres culturels de rencontre" (programme "Odyssée"), the Couvent des Récollets, the "Cité internationale des arts de Paris" (CIAP), the Pépinières européennes de jeunes artistes. They select residents on the basis of an artistic project, elaborated in common with art centres, regional contemporary art centres (FRAC), or art schools.
In addition to these programs directly funded by the central administration of the Ministry of Culture and Communication, many initiatives are supported by the DRAC (local and regional authorities of the Ministry of Culture) among others. As an example, the "Centre national du livre" (books) supports residencies for writers and translators and gives scholarships for writing.
Worth mentioning are also two French organizations abroad: the French Academy in Rome and the Villa Kujoyama in Kyoto. Worth consulting in the field of visual arts is a guide edited by the "Centre national des arts plastiques" (CNAP): http://www.cnap.fr/196-residences-en-france
Artist-in–Residency programmes in the field of performing arts are often part of the core missions of the institutions. Such examples are the Centre national de la danse or the Théâtre national de Chaillot. They receive artists or companies in residency in studios, for creation, performances, master classes, research or even in association with a seasonal programme. Another example is the "Parc et Grande Halle de la Villette". Since 2010, the WIP (Work In Progress) has been a residence-laboratory where projects take time to mature. Ahead of the residency, the companies/artists elaborate their residency project in close relation with the team of WIP (programing, production, technic). During the residency, the company/artist benefits from logistic and financial support, technical tools, even a co-production. It gives the artists a first visibility, puts them in the network of professionals and offers them feedback on their work. The projects hosted in the WIP residency can be disseminated afterwards.
The residency programmes of the French Institute allow French and foreign creators – artists, film-makers, art commissioners / curators, writers, etc. – to stay for several weeks or months in a foreign country, in order to develop a creation project, with the help of a scholarship or having a place to stay. Immersion in a different country, culture and language offers to the creators the possibility to put their practice in perspective, to enrich their work and to collaborate on projects.
The following artist’s residencies are located in Germany:
DAAD Künstlerprogramm (Berlin)                                berliner-kuenstlerprogramm.de
Edith-Ruß Haus (Oldenburg)                                            edith-russ-haus.de
Künstlerdorf Schöppingen (Schöppingen)              stiftung-kuenstlerdorf.de
Künstlerhaus Bethanien (Berlin)                                 bethanien.de
Künstlerhaus Bremen (Bremen)                                   kuenstlerhausbremen.de
Künstlerhaus Eckernförde (Eckernförde)                otte1.org
Künstlerhaus Edenkoben (Edenkoben)  kuenstlerhaus-edenkoben.de
Künstlerhaus Hooksiel (Wangerland)                      kuenstlerhaus-hooksiel.de
Künstlerhaus Lauenburg (Lauenburg Elbe)           kuenstlerhaus-lauenburg.de
Künstlerhaus Lukas (Ahrenshoop)                              kuenstlerhaus-lukas.de
Künstlerhaus Schafhof (Freisingen)                           schafhof-kuenstlerhaus.bezirk-oberbayern.de
Künstlerhaus Schwandorf (Schwandorf)                 oberpfaelzer-kuenstlerhaus.de
Künstlerhaus Stuttgart (Stuttgart)                              kuenstlerhaus.de
Künstlerresidenz *blumen* (Leipzig)                        residence-blumen.de
Künstlerstätte Stuhr-Heiligenrode (Stuhr)            stuhr.de/kultur-staedtepartnerschaften
Schloss Balmoral (Bad Ems)                                             balmoral.de
Schloss Bleckede (Bleckede)                                           kuenstlerstaette-bleckede.de
Schloss Plüschow (Plüschow)                       plueschow.de
Schloss Ringenberg (Hamminkeln)                             schloss-ringenberg.de
Schloss Solitude (Stuttgart)                                             akademie-solitude.de
Schloss Wiepersdorf (Fläming)                    schloss-wiepersdorf.de
Stellwerk Zollverein e.V. (Essen)                                  zollverein.de
Stiftung Genshagen (Genshagen)                                stiftung-genshagen.de
Stiftung Starke (Berlin)                                      stiftungstarke.de
Villa Concordia (Bamberg)                                                villa-concordia.de
Villa Waldberta (Feldafing)                                              muenchen.de/rathaus/Stadtverwaltung
Further information can be found on the website of the Internationale Gesellschaft der Bildenden Künste (IGBK):
The International Writers' and Translators' Centre of Rhodes in Greece has as its main goal to provide for accommodation free of charge to writers and translators for a period of two to six weeks http://www.writerscenter.gr/en.html; e-mail: info@writerscenter.gr
Additionally, it supports new writers mostly by offering grants, awards, and scholarships as well as with organising special educational programmes, publications, conferences, seminars and cultural events.
Drawing from the history and the multicultural heritage of the island of Rhodes it aims to attract writers and translators from all the geographical regions neighbouring the island and mediate its work to the local society.
Artists in Residence program by The Klaipėda Culture Communication Centre
Druskininkai Artists' Residence by the Lithuanian Association of Composers http://www.lks.lt/index.php?page=dar-eng
Rupert, Vilnius
Nida Art Colony by Vilnius Academy of Arts, Nida
The Lithuanian Council for Culture provides support for residency programmes running  in Lithuania, covering costs for incoming artists, and distributes state grants for artists to participate in residency programmes in other countries.  
Artists in Malta can apply for a mobility grant through the Malta Arts fund. This is administered by the public organisation tasked with looking after Culture and the Arts, the 'Arts Council Malta'. The purpose of the mobility grant is to enable and enhance the international experience of Maltese artists with participation in international residency programmes being one of the priorities.
St James Cavalier Centre for Creativity in Malta's capital Valletta hosts a 6 week exchange residency programme in partnership with the Virginia Centre for the Creative Arts (VCCA) in Amherst Virginia, USA. The programme is open to all disciplines. Selection of incoming and outgoing artists is based on application to the two centres respectively.
Gozo Contemporary is an artist-led visual and media arts initiative open to both Maltese and international artists. This multi-functional space is situated on the island of Gozo. Maltese and international artists are invited for a minimum two week residency.
Information on (inter)national Artists in Residence programmes:
The DutchCulture|TransArtists portal (www.transartists.org) operates from the artists’ perspective and details over 1400 artist-in-residence opportunities. Its services include research on the artists' residencies phenomena, custom-made workshop programmes (in the Netherlands and internationally), the AiR Collections (thematic selections from the database).
The AiR Platform (http://www.transartists.org/airplatform.nl) lists 126 residences in the Netherlands (and Flanders).
Funding opportunities in the Netherlands for both residency programmes and artists (incoming and outgoing):
DutchCulture’s Mapping: overview of the Dutch Cultural field and national funding (http://www.dutchculture.nl)
On the Move Mobility Funding Guide: The Netherlands (http://on-the-move.org/funding/europe)
Some examples from regions and cities:
Amsterdam Fund for the Arts (http://www.amsterdamsfondsvoordekunst.nl)
Amsterdam (http://youngartfundamsterdam.nl)
Rotterdam - Centrum Beeldende Kunst Rotterdam (www.cbkrotterdam.nl)
Den Haag - Stroom (http://www.stroom.nl/media/Stroom_Grants_Full_ENG_2014.pdf)
Noord Brabant - Brabants Kenniscentrum Kunst en Cultuur (http://www.bkkc.nl)
Other related international organisations based in the Netherlands:
Res Artis: the worldwide network of residency centres. The network includes over 400 member organisations (www.resartis.org).
The DOEN Foundation: DOEN supports initiatives by means of subsidies, participations, loans and guarantees aiming for a green, socially inclusive and creative society  (http://www.doen.nl/web/home-1.htm). Programmes include the Artscollaboratory (http://www.artscollaboratory.org).
The European Cultural Foundation (http://www.culturalfoundation.eu). It includes the programmes STEP Beyond (http://ecflabs.org/grants/stepbeyond) and TANDEM  (http://www.culturalfoundation.eu/tandem).
The Prince Claus Fund supports artists, critical thinkers and cultural organisations for innovative, high quality cultural initiatives in spaces where resources and opportunities for cultural expression, creative production and research are limited (http://www.princeclausfund.org).
Centre for Contemporary Art Ujazdowski Castle | AiR Laboratory, Warsaw
Culture Centre Zamek
Laznia 2 Centre for Art Education
Burdag – Space for Preforming Arts
Arsenal Gallery
Kronika Contemporary Art Centre
Metropolis Project
Villa Decius
Ergo Hestia Residency Programme
In the last decades, structures dedicated to supporting artistic creation emerged all over the country. These structures - led mainly by artists - have created artistic communities. With the establishment of these communities, the development of artistic production and a more effective contact with international artists and residencies has started to emerge, providing logistic conditions to the artistic creation and facilitating the share of experiences between artists from different disciplines.
There are currently approximately 30 artists' residencies all over the country, covering all artistic areas and receiving artists from all over the world (with a special focus on European, African and South-American artists).
The majority of artists' residencies programmes in Slovenia are listed on www.culture.si, a website supported by the Ministry of Culture, which is designed to help professionals explore possibilities for collaboration with Slovene cultural organisations. One can find information on cultural producers, venues, festivals and support services in Slovenia, and download images, logos or contacts.
For a comprehensive list of residencies with corresponding links check: http://www.culture.si/en/Category:Residencies
Residence Centre Cankarjeva (not included in www.culture.si):
Websites for searching and locating residencies in Europe and Latin America:
Websites of Spanish public institutions that promote residency programmes:
INAEM (National Institute for Performing Arts): one of the funding lines is aimed at companies (theatre, dance and music) presenting an artistic tour planning with a programme including creations from artists in residence.
AC/E. It is a Spanish Public Agency for Culture. Following the guidelines of the Ministry of Culture its aims are to promote Spain’s cultures and art historical legacy both in Spain and overseas, to support the competitiveness and internationalisation of the creative and cultural sectors (www.accioncultural.es/en/programme_of_residencies).
Danza.es. It is an official website supported by INAEM that provides useful information on all dance support actions, including residencies for dancers (http://www.danza.es/danza.es-en/guia-danza/artistic-residences).
Main associations for residencies' programmes (local or part of an international organisation):
Residencia de Estudiantes: www.residencia.csic.es
Casa Velázquez: www.casadevelazquez.org
The Swedish Arts Grants Committee has made a comprehensive and general overview of all Swedish residencies within and outside Sweden. Residencies are directed towards professional artists based in Sweden or abroad  in various artistic fields.
The overview has been made at national and regional/local level where potential art discipline is shown. Several residencies are cross-disciplinary. Residencies abroad have been listed separately.
There is a general interest in residence activities in Sweden in the last 10 years, especially at the regional/local levels. Many regions have discovered how such initiatives can give the region new positive impulse. In geographical areas where there are no arts institutions, residencies are becoming a way for the local population to get in contact with the arts and artists in ways that go beyond just being a public.
There are overall more and more residencies and they are growing in all art disciplines. Artist driven residencies are also a growing trend as are residencies connected to an institution. Many residency programmes have public funding, but there are also examples of mixed funding.
An overview of Swedish residence programmes can be found at the following link:
In the UK, culture is devolved to each of the three national governments and the Northern Ireland Assembly. This means that each country has its own arts funding body and policy.  In general, however, the Arts Councils fund residencies both by supporting residency organisations directly and then offering the open access lottery funded schemes for residency projects. There is no overarching coordinating body or network for artists' residencies in the UK.
 Arts Council England (www.artscouncil.org.uk)  funds artists in residence through support for organisations such as Grizedale Arts (www.grizedalearts.org), Wysing (www.wysingartscentre.org), Delfina (www.delfinafoundation.com) Acme Studios (www.acme.org.uk), as well as through initiatives funded through the national lottery Grants for the Arts. 
Creative Scotland (www.creativescotland.com) fund residencies through their Creative Futures funding programme. In addition, support is given to residential centres such as Cove Park (www.covepark.org) and other initiatives, such as the Bothy Project (www.thebothyproject.com), Hospitalfields(www.hospitalfield.org.uk), etc.
The Arts Council of Wales (www.artswales.org.uk) supports artists' residencies in three ways: Funding of Ty Newydd (www.tynewydd.org.uk) a writer in residence centre in North Wales. One-off residencies funded through the lottery funding schemes. They have very widely based initiatives, including the Welsh Rugby Union and Cardiff Wales Airport.  The Strategic Partnership fund. This is £135,000 per year over three years.  There are currently six strategic partners with whom ACW works: Centre for Alternative Technology; Canal and River Trust; National Museum of Wales; National Trust; Welsh Water.
Northern Ireland
The Arts Council of Northern Ireland (www.artscouncil–ni.org) co-funds the Tyrone Guthrie Centre (www.tyroneguthrie.ie), a residential artists’ retreat as well as supporting artists residencies in the Digital Arts Studio (www.digitalartstudios.com) and the Centre for Contemporary Arts (www.cca-derry-londonderry.org) in Derry/Londonderry.
1     former Arts Council of Finland.  »
2     Karttunen, Sari (2005). Taidetoimikuntalaitoksen kansainväliset avustukset ” taiteilijoiden liikkuvuuden ja vierastalojen tuki 2000–2004. Työpapereita 43. Taiteen keskustoimikunta.  »
3     Suomi, Riikka (2005). Kansainvälinen residenssitoiminta Suomessa 1995–2005. Työpapereita 44. Taiteen keskustoimikunta. Suomen Taiteilijaseuran Ateljeesäätiö.  »